Recently blogged at this website was his answer about mowing to maintain a prairie. We plan to continue blogging his answers to various prairie related questions under the tag Prairie Wisdoms from Tim Siegmund
Question #1 (from Kirsti Harms, Executive Director, NPAT): What are the benefits of keeping bees on a prairie. Does that count as an agriculture valuation? Does it negatively impact native bees?
Tim’s answer: Yes to both. The law was changed to allow properties between 5 and 20 acres to qualify for ag by keeping bees, but you have to keep a lot of hives. More than that acreage could really support so they bees are depending on their neighbors. Yes, honey bees can out compete or over saturate areas to push out native pollinators. Further, honey bees are generalists so they can exclude species specialists from their preferred nectar source while also not begin quite as efficient at pollination as the native bee. So honeybees are cool, and beekeeping can help folks qualify for ag. However, they should be kept off natural areas as they can negatively impact our native pollinators.
Page 3 in TPWD’s Pollinator Management guidelines highlights the potentially detrimental relationship of honey bees with native bees. https://tpwd.texas.gov/publications/pwdpubs/media/pwd_bk_w7000_1813.pdf
…[I am] highlighting this link to our “Private Lands and Pollinators” page… There are lots of folks with wildscapes, prairie gardens, pocket prairies, and so on that might benefit from some of the resources on this webpage. It discusses different species of native pollinators and how to manage to attract them, and what species of plants to select as well. https://tpwd.texas.gov/huntwild/wild/wildlife_diversity/nongame/native-pollinators/
Question #2 (from Andrew Coulter, HNPAT board member): How do the tax incentives for wildlife management/conservation (by which I mean, in this case, management to promote native pollinators) compare to the ag exemption for beekeeping?…
Tim’s answer: Beekeeping only allows you to take land from full value into an ag valuation which lowers the overall taxable value. It is then broken down into production catergories (native pasture, irrigated cropland, dryland cropland, orchard, bee keeping, etc). Once it’s been broken down into its categorical use the switch over to wildlife is tax neutral. So whatever it did to qualify for ag (farming, ranching, beekeeping) and the previous taxable value associate with that property stays with it as it moves to the wildlife valuation. Beekeeping is actually one of the highest appraised practices because on a per acre basis it raises more money than native range or other uses.
So there really is no incentive or disincentive between beekeeping and the wildlife valuation. Beekeeping can help those smaller properties between 5 and 20 acres to qualify for the open space exemption with an ag valuation. Then long term allow them to transition to the wildlife valuation at the same taxable rate if they so choose. In order to get to wildlife valuation currently you have to already be in an agricultural or timber valuation first.
Comment from Wally Ward (HNPAT board member): Dr. John Neff of the Central Texas Melittological Institute in Austin made a presentation to the Houston Chapter of the North American Butterfly Association several years ago. He said africanized bees have displaced European honeybees throughout much of Texas. Native bees are also more efficient pollinators. Honeybees are invasive exotics.